The Batesville Mounds, a designated Mississippi Landmark and a destination on the Mississippi Mound Trail, has been described as “one of the most important prehistoric ceremonial sites in Mississippi.” The Batesville Mounds were believed to be inhabited by the Early to Middle Woodland Indians between 500 BCE and 100 CE. and is believed to be a burial mound. Founded in 1887 by cousins Isaiah T. Montgomery, Joshua P. T. Montgomery, and Benjamin T. Green, all of whom had been slaves at the Davis Bend Plantation in Warren County, […] The largest, tallest mound is 55 feet high and among the 10 tallest in the USA. Until recently only three mounds were known to exist at the Grand Village of the Natchez Indians historic site. It contains Indian Mounds dating to the early Mississippian period (A.D. 1000 to 1200). Glass Mounds here in Warren County are unusual among the Plaquemine Period (ca. Originally there were five mounds around a central plaza, two mounds … Bynum Indian Mounds is located on the Natchez Trace Parkway at milepost 232.4. AD 1200-1600. This latest National Register of Historic Places Travel itinerary highlights 11 mound sites, which include some of the best-preserved examples in Mississippi. Length 1.5 miElevation gain 16 ftRoute type Loop Robert Ferguson, tribal historian of the Mississippi Choctaws, writes: "The early European explorers came to plunder. Emerald Mound is the 2nd largest Indian temple and burial mound in the US. They worshipped the Sun and other celestial beings within a well-developed religion. Cahokia Mounds, archaeological site occupying some 5 square miles (13 square km) on the Mississippi River floodplain opposite St. Louis, Missouri, near Cahokia and Collinsville, southwestern Illinois, U.S. Archaeological excavations in Mound A indicate that it was built in a single stage by Native American people during the Mississippi Period, ca. They also stopped building mounds after the 1720s. The coming of white explorers changed this world forever. Ingomar Mounds – In Northern Mississippi, Ingomar Mounds are over 2,000 years old, the oldest documented man-made site in Union County. The site originally consisted of 23 mounds but has diminished in size over the years due to several mounds being leveled by construction and farming. The Mississippi Mound Trail provides modern-day travelers a veritable route back in time, to an era that began 2,000 years ago. The adjacent mound site includes four Indian mounds overlooking a tributary of Bayou Pierre. The Mississippian culture may have originated and, indeed, reached its apex at Cahokia Mounds. Owl Creek Mounds Archeological site was established in 1964. The Eight, relatively large Middle Woodland Period mounds were scattered across 90 acres of northern Mississippi. The type of structures constructed ran the gamut: temples, houses, and burial buildings. The site is 17 miles south of Tupelo, Mississippi, and preserves Indian mounds. Following Highway 1 northbound on our map of the Mississippi River, our arrival near the town of Winterville in Greenville MS was a convenient time for a driving break. Today, the 42-acre site includes 12 mounds, two large plazas, and a museum – all of which can be toured free of charge. The mound builders lived in the Mississippi Valley, Ohio, Oklahoma, and into the midwest and southeast. The most famous effigy mound, Serpent Mound in southern Ohio, ranges from 1 foot (0.30 m) to just over 3 feet (0.91 m) tall, 20 feet (6.1 m) wide, more than 1,330 feet (410 m) long, and shaped as an undulating serpent.It is believed to have been built by L ouisiana boasts some of the most significant earthen monuments in North America and ranks second only to Mississippi in the number of mound sites in the Lower Mississippi Valley, the cradle of monumental earthworks. Ancient civilizations built mounds in a large area from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mountains, but the greatest concentrations of mounds are found in the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys. Their are over 500 mounds in Mississippi with only 6 sites protected, the rest is on privately-owned property. On the 18th of May 1838, a party of literary and scientific gentlemen from Natchez, Mississippi, examined two square mounds three and a half miles below the city, between the bluff and the river, about a mile from the river and one-eighth of a mile from the bluff, rising from 11 to 16 feet above the level upon which they are based. If you want to come face-to-face with the most impressive landmarks of the ancient past, plan a visit to Mississippi’s mound sites, showcasing well-preserved, Native American mounds built of earth. 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