You add a “s” if the word it describes is plural except if the adjective already ends with a “s”. An adjective (un adjectf) is a word that is associated to a noun to express one of its quality, or a relation that it has.. French adjectives have a gender (masculine or feminine) and a number (singular or plural), and consequently they must agree with the noun that they determine.. Let’s give a few examples already : Le gâteau est délicieux. on things to do before starting your trip to France.. expérience chimique inutile et dangereuse.. De Luckily it’s also one of the most common, so you’ll quickly know how to use it if you get a lot of exposure to the French language. Instead, here is a selection of essential irregular French adjectives. - You could consider that French adjectives are placed after the noun they describe and would be correct in most situations, however it’s important to know there are a few exceptions. Here you’ll find a page covering this topic. Irregular French adjectives are adjectives that don’t follow the usual pattern of French adjectives. grand). 5 Le vieil homme est ici (masculine singular), La vieille femme est ici (feminine singular), Les vieux quartiers de Paris sont magnifiques (masculine plural), Les vieilles maisons sont moins chères (feminine plural). English adjectives have a single form, but in French, they can have up to 4* forms, according to the gender and number of the nouns they modify: Masculine singular is the default form, to which the feminine and/or plural endings are added. Most of the time one adjective goes before the noun and another goes after it. Copyright This might sound reasonably easy, but the French also have masculine and feminine objects! privacy. This is a French idioms that literally translates as “to be in beautiful sheets”. For example, some adjectives like “délicieux” (delicious) can come both before and after the noun they describe depending on the context. Adding the ‘e’ makes it a feminine adjective. What’s the effect of gender and number on French adjectives? The cake is delicious. The gender rules for the endings of masculine and feminine adjectives can be very confusing. users. Examples: Une jeune fille intelligente – A young, intelligent girl; Where should you place French adjectives? This is one of the most tricky French adjectives. In most cases French adjectives change the following way: Note: unlike English, French adjectives of nationality don’t start with a capital letter. In French, while several common adjectives come before the noun, the majority of adjectives, including all less frequent adjectives, follow the noun. And if that wasn’t enough to confuse you, adjectives also change depending on whether the noun they describe is masculine, feminine, singular or plurial. quotidien, Here is another tricky and extremely common French adjective. After teaching French and English in South Korea for 7 months as part of a French government program, he created French Together™ to help English speakers learn the 20% of French that truly matters. For regular adjectives,** these endings are e for feminine and s for plural. If, however, the adjective comes after the noun, the regular masculine form is used: masc.) - Most French adjectives add E for feminine and S for plural. Elle a un beau visage (masculine singular). So you’d say “a green bag”, or “a blue house”. Le jeune homme est parti (masculine singular), La jeune femme est partie (feminine singular), Les jeunes hommes sont partis (masculine plural), Les jeunes femmes sont parties (feminine plural). As a reminder, BANGS adjectives (beauty, age, number, goodness, size) are adjectives that are placed before the noun they describe. short adjectives ending in vowel+ consonant. ►► Principal chapters on Adjectives that refer to some specific qualities must precede the noun they describe instead of following it. J’adore ton nouveau manteau (masculine singular), J’ai acheté un nouvel ordinateur (masculine singular), Jean a une nouvelle copine (feminine singular), Il a reçu ses nouveaux vêtements hier (masculine plural, Mes nouvelles chaussures ont beaucoup de succès (feminine plural). 1. Here you can see that “délicieux” becomes “délicieuses”. Masculine irregular adjectives The irregular adjectives shown in Table 7 have no rules and must be memorized. and phrases for travellers, Several French Adjective Gender Rules. Une magnifique vieille Make French adjectives must correspond to the person speaking, so a man is “grand” (tall) while a woman is “grande”. For normal cases, just add -e to the masculine forme. Be careful when you see masculine adjectives ending in ‐e, ‐eux, ‐f, and ‐ er, because for those, you do not simply add e. (Note that adding this e to a previously silent consonant causes that consonant to be pronounced. dictionary of modern France - key figures, institutions, acronyms, In both cases, “beau” describes a masculine noun, so you probably wonder why “beau” becomes “bel” in the second case. French adjectives: forms and rules Adjectives in French agree in number and gender with the noun they qualify. So you’d say “un sac vert” (lit: a bag green) or “une maison bleue” (lit: a house blue). Les Une connu. This is a master list of the 1,300+ French adjectives. “Jeune” follows the regular pattern. It also includes all regular and most irregular present participles and past participles : You will also find him giving blogging advice on Grow With Less. That’s it, you now know the most common French adjectives. vieille voiture américaine magnifique. Une difficile et longue. The number (plural or singular) of the noun they describe. The reason is simple. About-France.com : Essential Most French adjectives are placed after the noun they describe. The qualities they describe can be summarized by the acronym BAGS: B for beauty: beau (beautiful), joli (pretty) A for age: jeune (young), vieux (old), nouveau (new) 2. And don’t worry about making mistakes, I’ll happily correct you :). The number (plural or singular) of the noun they describe, You add a “e” to adjectives that describe a feminine noun, except if the adjective already ends with a silent “e”, You add a “s” to adjectives that describe a plural noun, except if the adjective already ends in “s”, You add a “e” if the word it describes is feminine (except if the adjective ends with a silent “e”, that is a “e” without accent). Here are a few examples with common adjectives: This is an adjective you probably already know. Tips Luckily, in today’s lesson, you’ll discover several rules that’ll make it easier for you to know how to place and use French adjectives. A That’s because the ending of adjectives ending in “eux” often becomes “euse” if they describe a feminine noun. / salée (sing. French words la troisième est la Il FRENCH ADJECTIVES 1 Most adjectives add e to the masculine singular form to get the feminine singular. The only difference is that you don’t need to add a “e” when it comes before a feminine noun since “jeune” already ends with a “e”. Jeune fille intelligente – a young, intelligent girl ; French adjective gender rules nouns starting a! French idioms that literally translates as “ to be in beautiful sheets ” makes a! 2003 - 2020, We respect your privacy blue house ” two things the... 2020, We respect your privacy also have masculine and feminine objects to France the case French! 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