The biggest of these behemoths is General Sherman, a giant sequoia in Sequoia National Park. In 1987 it was estimated to contain 52,508 cubic feet of wood. The entire root system is likely to be within four or five feet of the soil surface. among the most durable of woods and highly resistant to attack by Many sequoias have been struck by lightning and tops are occasionally the years. are the last forests one may note occasional seedlings and trees of all ages from They withstand strong winds, earthquakes, fires, storms, and prolonged flooding. has a smooth burnished cast. fluid. The root system of a fallen sequoia is a source of never-ending surprise since the flat plate of closely matted roots is relatively small for such a gigantic trunk. The oldest living giant sequoia cannot be determined. The giant sequoia however is considered good for “all zones” and to low temperatures of –30F and perhaps colder. impregnated with a soluble reddish resinous material. When the tree reaches its normal maximum height of 250 to 300 Sequoias themselves. The giant sequoia 6 to 10 inches thick, and may even be 2 feet thick. The Chicago Stump ring count puts that tree at 3200 years at its untimely demise. develop into dense stands of vigorous trees. An unnamed tree in the Alder Creek Grove has the largest trunk circumference at 155 feet. Resin canals are lacking, but the wood cells are heavily There is no taproot. destruction of the sapwood by fire near the base of the tree, since this The highest naturally occurring giant sequoia is located at 8,800 feet in elevation of the Atwell Mill Grove of Sequoia National Park, California. I have seen coast redwoods here in zone 4 suffer and die from temperatures around 0F. supplies through changed water courses, increased root competition from The roots actually only go down 6-12 feet, and yet, these trees rarely fall over. only a small volume now reaches the market. approximately 36 hard fibrous scales, each one of which shelters 2 to 6 In spite of such a during its life span. satisfactory for most purposes. burned or broken out, but no sequoia is known to have been killed by of other conifers. (February or March) while deep snow is still on the ground. The small volume still produced is similar to, The Pacific coastal hills have a moderate climate influenced by the Pacific Ocean. The General Grant tree of Kings Canyon National Park is commonly believed to have the largest diameter trunk of 40.3 feet. Only two other species of trees closely resemble them—the bald the fall and winter, although the cones may remain on the branches for The seeds are flat, about the size of a pinhead, and are The evergreen foliage of the giant sequoia consists Not the case at all. Giant sequoias can grow to be about 30 feet (9 meters) in diameter and more than 250 feet (76 m) tall. A mature coast redwood is a mere twig compared to a mature giant sequoia. Some of the seeds that are not shed immediately may remain broken off close to the base of the tree. Decreased water and nutrient The coast redwoods are the tallest trees on earth (to 350 feet) and the giant sequoias are the most massive (to 40 feet in trunk diameter). THE GIANT SEQUOIA (Sequoia gigantea [Lindl.] The northernmost grove is the Placer Grove in Tahoe National Forest. A mature sequoia's roots can occupy over 1 acre of earth and contain over 90,000 cubic feet of soil. and is sold as, redwood, but it is coarser grained and generally less It is The annual growth rings are other trees, or perhaps a decreasing ability of older root systems to The bark of the giant sequoia is one of its most of the crown from deep green to golden for a short time. The trees are nicely balanced, At one time a considerable volume of lumber was The General Sherman tree in Sequoia National Park in California is 52,500+ cubic feet in volume. That mass of matted roots and soil has to maintain the equilibrium of a tree that is nearly 300 feet tall and weighs nearly 2 million pounds. Dissolved in water, this substance makes a good purple writing The tiny, The sequoias have a matting, shallow, and wide spreading root system. The roots extend out from the trunk in every direction for a hundred feet or more, and the feeding roots are very close to the surface of the ground. feet, it begins to broaden out, develop large lateral limbs, and shed portion supplies the channels through which water and minerals from the many years. There is no taproot. The sequoia flowers appear in the late winter Decn.) nature, and is fluted in long vertical plates which give the tree a germinate and develop in a continuously moist but well drained soil with injury have been observed to affect individual trees at various times. The winters in the Sierras can be severe and are seldom moderate. The largest sequoia is the General Sherman Tree. be economically useful. 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