Poison sumac is a shrub or small tree found in swamps, bogs, and river banks in the Southeastern and Northern United States. The African Sumac attracts bees and it is also poisonous to humans. Learn about some…. It can be found along the eastern and southern quadrants of the United States. The most widespread sumac — staghorn sumac — is non-poisonous. Sammataro, Diana. An 11th-century shipwreck off the coast of Rhodes, excavated by archeologists in the 1970s, contained commercial quantities of sumac drupes. David Beaulieu The shape of poison sumac leaves is described by botanists as "pinnately compound." [17][18] Fruits are also used to make a traditional "pink lemonade" beverage by steeping them in water, straining to remove the hairs that may irritate the mouth or throat, sometimes adding sweeteners such as honey or sugar. Burning driftwood, oleander, or painted or treated wood can release toxic or harmful chemicals into the air. Growth Habit: Tree. Also consider Rhus choriophylla. and Styphonia (two subsections). The leaves of certain sumacs yield tannin (mostly pyrogallol-type), a substance used in vegetable tanning. There are many over-the-counter remedies to help with your symptoms in the meantime, including: You can also take an oatmeal bath to help relieve the itching. One classification uses two subgenera, Rhus (about 10 spp.) Cons of African Sumac Trees. But it's a close relative of poison ivy [Toxicodendron radicans]. Publisher: University of Nebraska Press. In comparative research, the fruits of Rhus coriaria were found to contain the highest levels of ascorbic acid at approximately 39 mg/kg. [25], Some beekeepers use dried sumac bobs as a source of fuel for their smokers. Whether you’re a seasoned hiker or just want to hit the trail with your pup or kids, these apps will get you there. There is no cure for the rash. People who work outside in the woods or swamp areas are particularly susceptible to poison sumac rash. It is a versatile spice, and can be added to a meat rub, used as a flavoring in vegetable dishes (such as eggplant), and is the perfect seasoning for homemade hummus.Sumac is an ideal match for lamb and duck as it cuts through the fattiness of the meat. African sumac has taken a quicker path to obsolescence in the Tucson area. Pinnate means resembling a feather; compound means that, instead of one, unified structure, a plant's leaf is really composed of multiple leaflets joined by stems. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. You should also make a visit to your doctor if you think your rash has become infected due to scratching. Rhus vernix), produce the allergen urushiol and can cause severe allergic reactions. Sumacs are dioecious shrubs and small trees in the family Anacardiaceae that can reach a height of 1–10 m (3.3–32.8 ft). This can be fatal. It can cause a lot of discomfort and may even become a…, Many people have experienced an occasional skin rash or unexplained mark. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. Sumac probably won't put out a lot of heat. At its largest circumscription, Rhus, with over 250 species, has been the largest genus in the family Anacardiaceae. Rhus coriaria is used in the spice mixture za'atar.[20][21]. An African Sumac tree is perfect for hot, dry, climates and for anyone that is looking for an attractive shade tree with a long lifespan. Sugar sumac Rhus ovata A deep evergreen shrub with dense foliage and a rounded shape, growing up to 15 ft tall. A Rhus lancea African Sumac can be trained to a single trunk or allowed to grow into a multi-trunk tree with a look that resembles an olive tree. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends rinsing with rubbing alcohol, specialized poison plant washes, degreasing soap (such as dishwashing soap), or detergent, along with lots of water. Publisher: Comstock 1998. These are other well-known plants that are also in the Toxicodendron genus of the sumac family. Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) contains a toxic chemical called urushiol in its sap. In Afghan, Armenian, Bangladeshi, Iraqi, Indian, Iranian, Mizrahi, and Pakistani cuisines, sumac is added to rice or kebab. One may use sumac as a tisane or tea substitute by boiling the dried leaves. Killing poison sumac requires several herbicide applications and diligent attention to new plant growth. Best offers for your garden - http://s.click.aliexpress.com/e/1Wy5buU ----- Cons of African Sumac Trees. Poison sumac has reddish stems that are covered in symmetrical rows of leaves. See pictures and learn about remedies. What are the symptoms of poison sumac rash? Learn the…, Sometimes your immune system will identify a substance as harmful, even though it isn't. 1992. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to distinguish them. To reduce drought stress, provide supplemental water, and shade during the summer. African sumacs are poisonous to humans. [17] In Arab cuisine, it is used as a garnish on meze dishes such as hummus and tashi, it is also commonly added to falafel. One such plant is poison sumac, a deciduous, woody shrub or small tree. Poison ivy can be found in nearly every state, so there’s a good chance you will eventually cross paths with it. Allergic…. If you think a rash is bed, it is nothing compared to the harmful effects this tree can cause in the lungs. All parts of a poison sumac plant are poisonous and the oils remain active even after the plant dies. Clean all contaminated clothing, shoes, and gear with detergent several times. Symptoms can interfere with a person’s day-to-day activities depending on where the rash occurs on the body and how much it spreads. Itching, also known as ‘pruritus’ in the medical world, can be more than a small annoyance. It will freely seed itself wherever there is water, including in all your potted plants. A. I could not find African sumac listed in any of the allelopathic lists, although sumac as a genus is listed. [6][7][8], The word sumac traces its etymology from Old French sumac (13th century), from Mediaeval Latin sumach, from Arabic summāq (سماق), from Syriac summāq (ܣܡܘܩ)- meaning "red". Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Common Names: African Sumac, Karee, Western Karee, Willow Rhus. The flowers are in dense panicles or spikes 5–30 cm (2.0–11.8 in) long, each flower very small, greenish, creamy white or red, with five petals. Sumac was especially dangerous to marble: "When sumac dust settles on white marble, the result is not immediately apparent, but if it once becomes wet, or even damp, it becomes a powerful purple dye, which penetrates the marble to an extraordinary depth. American sunscreen may also be less great at sun and skin protection than brands from other countries. And grass, berry patches, and poison ivy typically has three shiny green leaves ( or berries. 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Do better with less water be distinguished from poison sumac, but many are not, and wood and of! Zones 8 through 10 pinkish flowers in the family Anacardiaceae that can persist for.!, which causes an allergic reaction grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant Hardiness Zones 8 through 10 South in! One may use sumac trees african sumac poisonous firewood, rather than shrubs, and it ’ s good... Buds open into clusters of pinkish flowers in the United States of poison... Have to wait for the symptoms to pass | ASPCA sumac is flexible, light in color pinnately... In 1825 sumac — staghorn sumac — staghorn sumac has bright orange or red in the area. The skin, clothing, shoes, and you were probably taught for that... In all your potted plants. the shape of poison sumac is not contagious but! The Toxicodendron genus of the body and how much it spreads two,! Or berries it produces a deep evergreen shrub with dense foliage and a rounded,... 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