Charles Ives employs a tenor in his Fourth Symphony. Based on the Big Bell Stone series, it is built under the supervision of Mr. Gerard, such as adjusting the tone and key action pitch spring. People who play the tenor saxophone are known as "tenor saxophonists", "tenor sax players", or "saxophonists". Famous and influential players include Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, Ben Webster, Dexter Gordon, Wardell Gray, Stan Getz, Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane and Wayne Shorter. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "June 28, 1846: Parisian Inventor Patents Saxophone", "JJA Jazz Awards 2014: 2013 JJA Jazz Awards Winners", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tenor_saxophone&oldid=975249724, Articles needing additional references from September 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 16:15. The tenor is used in classical music. SC tenor options 'RAW' 'RAW' XS. Although a handful of novelty tenors have been constructed 'straight', like the smaller members of the saxophone family, the unwieldy length of the straight configuration means that almost all tenor saxophones feature a 'U-bend' above the third-lowest tone hole which is characteristic of the saxophone family. While the alto is usually bent only through 80–90° to make the mouthpiece fit more easily in the mouth, the tenor is usually bent a little more in this section, incorporating a slight S-bend. It also has a body of solo repertoire. As a result of its prominence in American jazz, the instrument has also featured prominently in other genres, and it has been said that many innovations in American music were pioneered by tenor saxophonists. Silver-plated. What are the most popular models? So Bb is the actual pitch it is playing. TJ Signature Custom (SC) RAW tenor. JL Woodwinds Custom Tenor un lacquered 2017 Model . The tenor saxophone uses a larger mouthpiece, reed and ligature than the alto and soprano saxophones. The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in the 1840s. The tenor saxophone became best known to the general public through its frequent use in jazz music. The strong resonant sound of Hawkins and his followers was in contrast with the lighter approach of Lester Young and his school. So as a tenor or soprano sax player just think one whole tone interval above the piano concert pitch. If you were in the market for a pro-level tenor a few years back and had drawn up a shortlist of brands to try, the name 'Trevor James' probably wouldn't have been on it. The tenor saxophone is also curved at the top, above the highest tone-hole but below the highest speaker hole. The wider end of the tube is flared slightly to form a bell, while the narrower end is connected to a single reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet. The alto saxophone lacks this and its neck goes straight to the mouthpiece. During the bebop years the most prominent tenor sounds in jazz were those of the Four Brothers in the Woody Herman orchestra, including Stan Getz who in the 1960s went on to great popular success playing the Brazilian bossa nova sound on tenor saxophone (not forgetting John Coltrane, Dexter Gordon and Sonny Rollins). Phosphor bronze. The tenor sax reed is similar in size to that used in the bass clarinet, so the two can be easily substituted. The tenor saxophone, pitched in B♭, is the fourth member of this family. Each Signature Custom tenor is built at our TJ sax workshops in Lenham, (U.K.) and comes with a 'Certificate of Manufacture' with the date and the name of the specialist sax technician who built it. British military bands customarily make use only of the tenor and alto saxes, with two or more musicians on each instrument. Modern military bands typically incorporate a quartet of saxophone players playing the E♭ baritone, tenor, E♭ alto and B♭ soprano. The original design of tenor saxophone had a separate octave key for each speaker hole, in the manner of the bassoon; the mechanism by which the correct speaker hole is selected based on the fingering of the left hand (specifically the left ring finger) was developed soon after Sax's patent expired in 1866. After the war, former military band instruments found their way into the hands of the general public, where they were often used to play gospel music and jazz. Modern tenor saxophones … Vincent d'Indy wrote for a tenor in his opera Fervaal. Classical mouthpieces generally help produce a warmer and rounder tone, while jazz mouthpieces generally help produce a brighter and edgier tone. 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